March 25, 2023

What are the Stages of Iron Production?

With the increase in technological innovations, iron producers have brought together different methods applied to various innovations. As a result, iron production stages have undergone changes. These methods have been developing and making progress over the years. With progress, different production stages are becoming increasingly common. Iron production stages are as follows in detail:

First, iron ore and coke are put into the furnace. Cast iron contains about 4% carbon and other substances. These substances cause the iron structure to be brittle.

Iron is one of the most widely used elements in the world. This element is found in nature in pure form in very small quantities. Billions of tons of iron are needed as it is needed in every sector of the world.

Primary steel manufacturing stage: During this stage, 2 different methods are applied. These methods are known as BOS and EAF. In the BOS method, scrap steel is mixed with iron in the converter. In the EAF method, scrap steel is spun in an electric arc furnace and transformed into steel.

Secondary steel production stage: In the secondary steel production stage, the steel obtained by the EAF or BOS method reaches the required chemical level.

Continuous casting stage: During this stage, the melted metal is cooled with mold support. Then the solidification process is carried out with shell formation. When the desired acceptance formation is fulfilled, the material is cooled and solidified. It is cut into the required lengths and produced in different shapes.

Primary forming: During this stage, the material will be shaped by the rolling method. Thanks to this rolling method, the errors that have occurred will be greatly reduced.

Finishing: In the finishing stage, the steel is shaped and made ready for use.

How is Iron Produced?

Iron is one of the most widely used elements in the world. This element is found in nature in pure form in very small quantities. Billions of tons of iron are needed as it is needed in every sector of the world.

If iron producers wanted to obtain products from pure iron in nature, they could never keep up with the demands. For this reason, the iron produced with different technologies is sufficient for the demands of completing needs in many sectors.

Pure iron has low mechanical properties. For this reason, iron alloys are preferred in many production areas. Commonly used iron alloys are cast iron and steel. The main element of the iron alloy is carbon. The carbon content in iron is approximately 0.2%. Steel is between 2 and 6.65%.

Furnaces are needed to produce iron. Iron and steel production takes place thanks to blast furnaces. In these furnaces, scrap iron and scrap steel are recycled and reused.

Stages of Iron Production

The iron production process consists of 6 stages. As a result of these stages, iron is produced and sold for use in various industries. Iron producers can process and shape iron in various ways according to the demands of different sectors. The stages of iron production are as follows:

Production of iron

  • Primary steel production stage
  • Secondary steel production stage
  • Continuous casting stage
  • Primary forming stage
  • Fabrication and finishing stage

These stages are known as the basic production stages of iron. However, the following stages are also among the production stages that are effective in iron production.

Shaping stage

  • Machining (drilling) process
  • Welding with joining
  • Heat treatment stage

What are the Uses of Iron?

Iron is the most widely used and found element in the world. Iron metal can be used in many areas after it is obtained from ores. It is also in demand due to its low price and easy availability.

Iron metal is needed in different ways depending on the area of use. These two different consumption branches are divided into two blast furnace pig iron and reduction. For this reason, the type of iron should be determined first when looking at the area where it will be used. Iron is needed in many sectors. However, some of the most basic sectors are as follows:

  • Construction sector
  • Computer production
  • Maritime transportation sector
  • In the automobile sector
  • In the production of various items that are frequently used in daily life

What is the Raw Material of Iron?

The use of iron is quite common in the world. It is also widely found in the earth’s crust. Iron is formed from iron ores. If it were not possible to be formed from iron ores, the use of iron would be impossible. This is because the amount of elemental iron is very low.

In order to obtain metallic iron, the impurities in the ore must be removed by chemical reduction. The raw material of iron contains liquid iron and carbon. These raw materials combine in certain proportions to form iron. It is very unlikely to find iron in its pure form in nature. For this reason, iron formed by different minerals is the answer to all needs in the world. Iron processed with iron ore is also frequently preferred in the industrial field.

Iron Production in Turkey

Iron production is needed in many sectors in Turkey. From the construction industry to the automotive industry, the use of iron is involved in the activities of many sectors. Since there is a great need for iron in these sectors, the material must be continuously supplied. The availability of iron increases the welfare levels of countries. In summary, iron and steel factories meet the demands of approximately 70% of production.

There are many companies producing iron and steel in Turkey. Some of these companies are on the list of the world’s largest steel producers. In the list of the largest iron producers in the world, there are 5 companies from Turkey in the first percent. The company named Erdemir Group has achieved very outstanding success by taking place in the top 50. Erdemir Group ranks 47th in the list thanks to its production of 7.1 million mansions. Other companies following the Erdemir group are Habaş, İçdaş, Diler, and Çolakoğlu. The high iron production of these companies closes a very important gap in the world.

Where is Iron Most Produced?

The fact that iron ore, which is needed in every sector, can be produced in such significant quantities provides advantages in many ways. The fact that iron is abundant and easily accessible fulfills the existing need in the sectors. Iron producers who utilize iron during the production phase provide faster products to consumers.

Iron is mined in Sivas, Balıkesir, Malatya, İzmir, Hatay, and Sakarya provinces in Turkey. Apart from these cities, iron can also be mined and processed in Bingöl, Düzce, Kayseri, and Kahramanmaraş. This iron is processed in iron and steel factories in Karabük, Ereğli, and İskenderun and offered to different industrial branches.


In conclusion, the iron and steel industry plays a critical role in various sectors, ranging from construction and automotive to maritime transportation and computer production. The complex production process, which involves multiple stages and innovative technologies, ensures the supply of iron and steel products to meet the growing demands of these industries. Sanarise Industrial, one of the leading companies in Turkey, is committed to providing high-quality iron and steel products to its clients by adhering to the highest standards and utilizing state-of-the-art technologies in its production process. As a result, Sanarise Industrial has positioned itself as a reliable supplier of iron and steel products not only in Turkey but also in the global market, contributing to the economic growth and industrial development of the country.


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